Java Looping Statement


Prev Tutorial Next Tutorial

Looping Statement in Java

Looping statement are the statements execute one or more statement repeatedly several number of times. In java programming language there are three types of loops; while, for and do-while.

Why use loop ?

When you need to execute a block of code several number of times then you need to use looping concept in Java language.

Advantage with looping statement

  • Reduce length of Code
  • Take less memory space.
  • Burden on the developer is reducing.
  • Time consuming process to execute the program is reduced.

Difference between conditional and looping statement

Conditional statement executes only once in the program where as looping statements executes repeatedly several number of time.

While loop

In while loop first check the condition if condition is true then control goes inside the loop body otherwise goes outside of the body. while loop will be repeats in clock wise direction.

while loop

Syntax

while(condition)
{
 Statement(s)
 Increment / decrements (++ or --);
}

Example while loop

class  whileDemo
{
 public static void main(String args[])
 {
 int i=0;
 while(i<5) 
 {
  System.out.println(+i);
  i++;
 }
 

Output

1
2
3
4
5

for loop

for loop is a statement which allows code to be repeatedly executed. For loop contains 3 parts Initialization, Condition and Increment or Decrements

Syntax

for ( initialization; condition; increment )
{
 statement(s);
}
For Loop
  • Initialization: This step is execute first and this is execute only once when we are entering into the loop first time. This step is allow to declare and initialize any loop control variables.
  • Condition: This is next step after initialization step, if it is true, the body of the loop is executed, if it is false then the body of the loop does not execute and flow of control goes outside of the for loop.
  • Increment or Decrements: After completion of Initialization and Condition steps loop body code is executed and then Increment or Decrements steps is execute. This statement allows to update any loop control variables.

Flow Diagram

For Loop

Control flow of for loop

control flow for loop
  • First initialize the variable
  • In second step check condition
  • In third step control goes inside loop body and execute.
  • At last increase the value of variable
  • Same process is repeat until condition not false.

Improve your looping conceptFor Loop

Display any message exactly 5 times.

Example of for loop

class  Hello
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
int i;
for (i=0: i<5; i++)
{
System.out.println("Hello Friends !");
}
}
}

Output

Hello Friends !
Hello Friends !
Hello Friends !
Hello Friends !
Hello Friends !

do-while

A do-while loop is similar to a while loop, except that a do-while loop is execute at least one time.

A do while loop is a control flow statement that executes a block of code at least once, and then repeatedly executes the block, or not, depending on a given condition at the end of the block (in while).

Do-While Loop

When use do..while loop

when we need to repeat the statement block at least one time then ues do-while loop. In do-while loop post-checking process will be occur, that is after execution of the statement block condition part will be executed.

Syntax

do
{
Statement(s)

increment/decrement (++ or --)
}while();

In below example you can see in this program i=20 and we chech condition i is less than 10, that means conditon is false but do..while loop execute onec and print Hello world ! at one time.

Example do..while loop

class  dowhileDemo
{
 public static void main(String args[])
 {
 int i=20;
do
 {
System.out.println("Hello world !");
 i++;
}
while(i<10);
}
}

Output

Hello world !

Example do..while loop

class  dowhileDemo
{
public static void main(String args[])
{
int i=0;
do
{
System.out.println(+i);
i++;
}
while(i<5);
}
}

Output

1
2
3
4
5

Prev Tutorial Next Tutorial

Advertisements




Facebook Likes

Advertisements