SQL Joins


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SQL Joins

In general meaning join means combined something, In SQL using join keyword you can join two tables. Joins clause is used to combine rows from two or more tables, based on a common field between them.

There are following joins are available in SQL

  • Inner Join
  • Left Join
  • Right Join
  • Full Join

When SQL Join is used ?

  • When you need to show record of two table combinedly.
  • If you want to access more than one table through a select statement.
  • If you want to combine two or more table.
  • If you want to joint two or more table based on common field between
  • To combine rows from two or more tables, based on a common field between them.
sql join
  • Inner Join: Returns all rows when there is at least one match in both tables.
  • Left Join: Return all rows from the left table, and the matched rows from the right table.
  • Right Join: Return all rows from the right table, and the matched rows from the left table.
  • Full Join: Return all rows when there is a match in ONE of the tables.

Example of Join

Below we combined two table, table employee and table payment.

Employee table

Emp_idNameAge
101Amit Sukla24
102Rahul jain34
103Sultan Alam54
104Gaurav rawat26
105Hitesh Kumar35

Payment table

Payment_idDateSalary
10120-01-201420000
10223-03-201445000
10312-02-201450000
10428-07-201455000
10520-11-201440000

After apply join on these two table, result show like below;

Example

	
SELECT emp_id, name, age,salary   
   FROM Employee e, Payment p  
   WHERE e.Emp_id =p.Payment_id;  

In above syntax we select 4 columns, emp_id, name, age and salary from table Employee and table Payment. And retrieving all rows where the employee identification number is the same in both the Employee and Payment tables.

Payment_idNameAgeSalary
101Amit Sukla2420000
102Rahul jain3445000
103Sultan Alam5450000
104Gaurav rawat2655000
105Hitesh Kumar3540000

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