What is HTTP Request
What is HTTP Request
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), is the underlying format that is used to structure request and responses for effective communication between a client and a server. The message that is sent by a client to a server is what is known as an HTTP request.
Types of HTTP Request Methods
GET: GET is used to retrieve and request data from a specified resource in a server. GET is one of the most popular HTTP request techniques. In simple words, the GET method is used to retrieve whatever information is identified by the Request-URL.
- GET requests can be cached
- GET requests remain in the browser history
- GET requests can be bookmarked
- GET requests should never be used when dealing with sensitive data
- GET requests have length restrictions
- GET requests are only used to request data (not modify)
POST: POST is used to send data to a server to create/update a resource. The data sent to the server with POST is stored in the request body of the HTTP request.
- POST requests are never cached
- POST requests do not remain in the browser history
- POST requests cannot be bookmarked
- POST requests have no restrictions on data length
DELETE: Removes all the current representations of the target resource given by URI.
PUT: Replaces all the current representations of the target resource with the uploaded content.
HEAD: Same as GET, but it transfers the status line and the header section only.
CONNECT: Establishes a tunnel to the server identified by a given URI.
OPTION: Describe the communication options for the target resource.
TRACE: Performs a message loop back test along with the path to the target resource.
Difference Between GET and POST Method
|BACK button/Reload||Harmless||Data will be re-submitted (the browser should alert the user that the data are about to be re-submitted)|
|Bookmarked||Can be bookmarked||Cannot be bookmarked|
|Cached||Can be cached||Not cached|
|Encoding type||application/x-www-form-urlencoded||application/x-www-form-urlencoded or multipart/form-data. Use multipart encoding for binary data|
|History||Parameters remain in browser history||Parameters are not saved in browser history|
|Restrictions on data length||Yes, when sending data, the GET method adds the data to the URL; and the length of a URL is limited (maximum URL length is 2048 characters)||No restrictions|
|Restrictions on data type||Only ASCII characters allowed||No restrictions. Binary data is also allowed|
|Security||GET is less secure compared to POST because data sent is part of the URL. Never use GET when sending passwords or other sensitive information!||POST is a little safer than GET because the parameters are not stored in browser history or in web server logs|
|Visibility||Data is visible to everyone in the URL||Data is not displayed in the URL|
|Data Allowed||Only string data type is allowed||No restriction on data type|