What is Probability
Probability is a numerical description of how likely an event is to occur or how likely it is that a proposition is true. Probability is a number between 0 and 1, where, roughly speaking, 0 indicates impossibility and 1 indicates certainty.
A simple example is the tossing of a fair (unbiased) coin. Since the coin is fair, the two outcomes Heads and Tails are both equally probable; the probability of "heads" equals the probability of "tails"; and since no other outcomes are possible, the probability of either Heads or Tails is 1/2 (which could also be written as 0.5 or 50%).
|Probability of event to happen P(E) =||Number of favourable outcomes|
|Total Number of outcomes|
Many events can't be predicted with total certainty. The best we can say is how likely they are to happen, using the idea of Probability
Tossing a Coin
- head tails coin
- Tossing a Coin
When a coin is tossed, there are two possible outcomes
- heads (H) or
- tails (T)
We say that the probability of the coin landing H is 1/2 and the probability of the coin landing T is 1/2
- pair of dice
- Throwing Dice
When a single die is thrown, there are six possible outcomes: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. The probability of any one of them is 1/6.
|Probability of an event happening =||Number of ways it can happen|
|Total number of outcomes|